Tyrol is a federal state of Austria and located in
the Western part of the country between Italy and the Southern part of
After the defeat of Austria in the first world war, Tyrol was divided
into two pieces. The Northern and the Eastern part of Tyrol stayed in
Austria, and the Southern part was taken by Italy as victory trophy.
The scenery of Tyrol is strongly influenced by Alpine mountains. The
highest moutains of Tyrol are the Ortler (3905 m), Königspitze (king's
top) in Southern Tyrol, the Grossglockner (3798 m) in Eastern Tyrol and
the Wildspitze (wild top) in den Ötztaler Alps in Northern Tyrol.
The area of Tyrol is colonized since more than 10.000 years. The first
culture in Tyrol was the mining culture. The oldest metallurgical plant
was found in Brixlegg and dates from the year 4.000 BC. The
exploitation was dominated by copper.
The time before the Roman Empire was called "La-Tčne". In that period
the inhabitants of Tyrol consists of people who were expelled by Celtic
tribes from their original settlements. Most of those expelled people
were Illyric by origin. In the year 15 BC the first Roman soldiers came
and Tyrol was taken by the Roman Empire. Drusus and Tiberius were the
names of the two responsible Roman generals who realized the successful
In the period of the late antiquity (since 476) Tyrol belonged to the
Italian empire of the Eastern Gothics. The Italian empire broke down in
500, and Bavarians were coming from the North to settle in Tyrol.
Since that time Tyrol was a part of the duchy Bayern. In 1363 Tyrol
became a part of Austria when the mighty lady "Margarethe von Tyrol"
gave her land as a valuable present to Rudolf IV of Habsburg. I have no
idea about the reason of such a generous gift. In that time Tyrol has a
very high strategic importance for the Habsburg dynasty.
Fountain in the Tyrolean village of Ladis.